Klinik Psikoloji Dergisi
Cilt2, Sayı 2  Haziran 2018  (ISSN: , E-ISSN: 2602-4438)
Ayşegül Durak Batıgün, Nesrin Hisli Şahin

NO Makale Adı
1506421033 Suicide Probability Scale: Revision, validity and reliability

Suicide is a pervasive problem all around the world. According to the 2015 statistics of the World Health Organization, the number of people who lost their lives due to suicide was 10.7/100,000 world-wide. In Turkey, this rate is reported to be 4.1/100,000 (TUIK, 2015). Due to the pervasiveness of the problem, it is important to develop methods to detect the potential suicidal people. One of such methods is the use of self-report inventories. When the related literature is investigated, Suicide Probability Scale is found to be one of the mostly used instruments. In Turkey, there are two independently conducted adaptation studies on this Scale (Eskin, 1993; Şahin ve Batıgün, 2000). The latter study by Sahin and Batigun (2000) was not published at the time, but put into a report form. In the later years, other studies using the Sahin-Batigun adaptation revealed that, the factor structure found in the initial study was not repeated, presenting a need to work on the factor structure on larger samples. Consequently, the aim of the current study is to investigate the factor structure and the psychometric properties of the Suicide Probability Scale, as adapted by Sahin and Batigun. The first study involves a sample of 301, and the second study involves a sample of 994 participants. The second sample was used to conduct a confirmatory factor analysis on the results of the first study. Frost Multidimensional Perfectionism Scale, and Interpersonal Communication Styles Scales were use as the criterion measures. The exploratory and the confirmatory analyses revealed a four-factor structure. The factors were named as: “Social support/Self-perception”, “Anger/Impulsivity”, “Hopelessness/Loneliness”, and “Suicidal thoughts”. The results of the confirmatory analysis were found to be within acceptable limits, supporting this four-factor structure. Other psychometric results regarding the reliability and validity are also satisfactory.